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About the District

 

Burera District is one of the 5 Districts of the Northern Province created by the organic law n˚29/2005 dated on
12/23/2005 related to administrative entities of the Republic of Rwanda.Its capital is Cyeru.
The district is divided into 17
sectors : Bungwe, Butaro, Cyanika, Cyeru, Gahunga, Gatebe, Gitovu, Kagogo, Kinoni, Kinyababa, Kivuye, Nemba,
Rugarama, Rugendabari, Ruhunde, Rusarabuge and Rwerere. It has 69 cells, 571 villages, 339,200 habitants and 64.5
square kilometres.
It is boarded by:

-North : Republic of Uganda
-South : GAKENKE Didstrict and RULINDO District
-East: GICUMBI District
-West: MUSANZE District


RELIEF.


The District of Burera belongs to the agro bio climatic zone of highlands of BUBERUKA and highlands of Lave. His average altitude is 2100 meters. His relief is characterized by steeply sloping hills connected either by valleys steepsided or by flooded marshes.
The most remarkable hills are: Bisaga (2 401m); Kabyaza (2 392m); Kabona (2 348m); Karurunga (2 305m); Seta (2 305m); Nyanamo (2 225m).

CLIMATE


The climate of the District is of the type wet, characterized by two dry seasons and two rainy seasons which set out again over all the year in the following way:
asmall dry season extends from mid-December at February
a great season of rain extends from March in mid-June
a great dry season extends from June until September and
a small season of rain extends from mid-September at December.
Annual precipitations reach 1400 mm, the temperature varies between 9o C and 29o C, according to the places and the season.

 

HYDROGRAPHY


Located in the agro bioclimatic zones of the highlands of BUBERUKA and the highlands of lave, the district of BURERA has an important hydrographic network composed of lakes BURERA (55 km2) and RUHONDO (28 km2), marsh of which the RUGEZI (6735 hectares), several rivers such as river URUGEZI, river CYERU, river KABAYA, river KABWA and many non made-up sources. The district profits from regular precipitations of an importance of more than 1.400 mm/an, which offers to him a theoretical reserve of 531,560,000 m3 water each year.

SOIL

The BUBERUKA region is characterized by a ground mainly forms black schist and by places of the latelitic soil. While the ground of the volcanic area is typical volcanic ground.

FLORA


Eucalypts is the dominant woody species of the district. Of autes gasolines present in the area are the forest agro species such as Alinus and grevilleas and some relics of the local species, in particular the ficus and the markhamia which are often planted around the dwellings
The cultures cover most of the surface of the district. The principal crop plants are the sorghum, the Corn, the bean, the apple ground, the garden pea, the banana tree, it but, the vegetables and the fruit trees.

POPULATION


The total population of theof BURERA district is 336.739 people and is grouped in 67.925 households , that is to say an average of 5 people by household. The average density is522 inhabitants to km2.

 

ADMINISTRATIVE SECTORS AND THE NUMBER OF THEIR POPULATION

1.BUNGWE 14.826
2. BUTARO 26.847
3.CYANIKA 29.907
4.CYERU 13.009
5.GAHUNGA 27.258
6.GATEBE 17.233
7.GITOVU 12.258
8.KAGOGO 20.066
9.KINONI 16.887
10.KINYABABA 20.350
11.KIVUYE 15.586
12.NEMBA 21.315
13.RUGARAMA 20.580
14.RUGENGABARI 20.449
15.RUHUNDE 16.924
16.RUSARABUYE 24.487
17.RWERERE 18.757

TOTAL : 336 739

 

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