Burera District is one of the 5 Districts of the Northern Province created by the organic law n˚29/2005 dated on
12/23/2005 related to administrative entities of the Republic of Rwanda.Its capital is Cyeru.
The district is divided into 17
sectors : Bungwe, Butaro, Cyanika, Cyeru, Gahunga, Gatebe, Gitovu, Kagogo, Kinoni, Kinyababa, Kivuye, Nemba,
Rugarama, Rugendabari, Ruhunde, Rusarabuge and Rwerere. It has 69 cells, 571 villages, 339,200 habitants and 64.5
It is boarded by:
-North : Republic of Uganda
-South : GAKENKE Didstrict and RULINDO District
-East: GICUMBI District
-West: MUSANZE District
The District of Burera belongs to the agro bio climatic zone of highlands of BUBERUKA and highlands of Lave. His average altitude is 2100 meters. His relief is characterized by steeply sloping hills connected either by valleys steepsided or by flooded marshes.
The most remarkable hills are: Bisaga (2 401m); Kabyaza (2 392m); Kabona (2 348m); Karurunga (2 305m); Seta (2 305m); Nyanamo (2 225m).
The climate of the District is of the type wet, characterized by two dry seasons and two rainy seasons which set out again over all the year in the following way:
asmall dry season extends from mid-December at February
a great season of rain extends from March in mid-June
a great dry season extends from June until September and
a small season of rain extends from mid-September at December.
Annual precipitations reach 1400 mm, the temperature varies between 9o C and 29o C, according to the places and the season.
Located in the agro bioclimatic zones of the highlands of BUBERUKA and the highlands of lave, the district of BURERA has an important hydrographic network composed of lakes BURERA (55 km2) and RUHONDO (28 km2), marsh of which the RUGEZI (6735 hectares), several rivers such as river URUGEZI, river CYERU, river KABAYA, river KABWA and many non made-up sources. The district profits from regular precipitations of an importance of more than 1.400 mm/an, which offers to him a theoretical reserve of 531,560,000 m3 water each year.
The BUBERUKA region is characterized by a ground mainly forms black schist and by places of the latelitic soil. While the ground of the volcanic area is typical volcanic ground.
Eucalypts is the dominant woody species of the district. Of autes gasolines present in the area are the forest agro species such as Alinus and grevilleas and some relics of the local species, in particular the ficus and the markhamia which are often planted around the dwellings
The cultures cover most of the surface of the district. The principal crop plants are the sorghum, the Corn, the bean, the apple ground, the garden pea, the banana tree, it but, the vegetables and the fruit trees.
The total population of theof BURERA district is 336.739 people and is grouped in 67.925 households , that is to say an average of 5 people by household. The average density is522 inhabitants to km2.
ADMINISTRATIVE SECTORS AND THE NUMBER OF THEIR POPULATION
2. BUTARO 26.847
TOTAL : 336 739